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Política externa brasileira: na escuridão

Chama atenção a natureza do atual debate sobre a política externa brasileira: ao invés de discutir ideias sobre como melhor defender os interesses brasileiros no exterior, a discussão entre os analistas de política externa é marcada por uma crescente perplexidade e reprovação do descaso da presidente em relação ao Ministério das Relações Exteriores e aos assuntos de política externa em geral. Até mesmo aqueles que advogam em favor do governo reeleito admitem, em conversas nos bastidores, que a política externa brasileira está passando pela fase mais difícil em muitos anos.

Atualmente, o orçamento total do ministério corresponde a menos da metade do que era durante o governo Lula – um período de ativismo e expansão que muitos hoje chamam de …

PWW

Post-Western World’s Books of the Year (2014)

My favorite books published in 2014, covering US hegemony and the future of global order, Brazilian foreign policy, Timor-Leste, the history of sovereignty, and a novel about life in emerging Asia. To see the complete list of this year’s book reviews, click here.

“Theory of Unipolar Politics” by Nuno P. Monteiro

In his new book, Nuno Monteiro addresses three questions about unipolarity. First, is it durable? Second, is it peaceful? And third, what is the best grand strategy that a unipolar power such as the United States can implement? Monteiro expects the current U.S. preponderance in conventional military power to remain largely unchanged for “as far as the eye can see” even if the Untied States loses its status …

Brazilian Foreign Policy: Into the Dark

Sidelined: Brazil’s Foreign Ministry

The current debate about Brazilian foreign policy is an odd one: Rather than exchanging competing ideas of how to best defend Brazil’s national interests abroad, the discussion among foreign policy analysts is marked by an increasingly universal perplexity and condemnation of the President’s remarkable disregard for the Foreign Ministry and foreign policy issues in general. Even those supportive of the recently reelected government privately admit that Brazil’s foreign policy is going through its most difficult moment in many years.

The Ministry’s budget today is less than half of what it used to be under President Lula — a time of activism and expansion many now refer to as the “golden age”. Next year, additional budget cuts …

Book review: “A Little History of the World” by E.H. Gombrich

A Little History of the World, by E.H. Gombrich. Yale University Press, 2008. 304 pages, U$ 10.93 (www.amazon.com)

Summarizing the history of the world in one small book in a way that is accessible and interesting to children between 9 and 13 years seems like an impossible task – yet it is precisely this challenge E.H. Gombrich, an unemployed 26-year old historian in Vienna, faced in 1935. Making matters worse, the publisher asked him to finish the manuscript in six weeks. Gombrich produced a chapter a day – researching during the day, writing at night – and reading the week’s results to his future wife. In a way, the book can thus be compared to a string of …

Book review: “The Colonizer’s Model of the World: Geographical Diffusionism and Eurocentric History” by J.M. Blaut

Book review: “The Colonizer’s Model of the World: Geographical Diffusionism and Eurocentric History” by J.M. Blaut. The Guilford Press; 1 edition (1993), 246 pages. U$ 25.78, www.amazon.com)

Written two decades ago, “The Colonizer’s Model of the World” was J.M. Blaut’s first book of a planned trilogy on Eurocentrism. After the publication of his second book, Eight Eurocentric Historians, the author’s death in 2000 prevented him from completing his project. His first book on the matter, however, has turned into a reference among the small number of scholars seeking alternative interpretations of global history.

Blaut disagrees with the consensus that Europe was more advanced and more progressive than all other regions prior to the beginning of the period of …

BRICS

Em Brisbane, países do BRICS reafirmam compromisso de criar banco de desenvolvimento

Oito meses atrás, os ministros de Relações Exteriores dos países do BRICS assinaram uma declaração, em Haia, na Holanda, contra restrições à participação do presidente russo Vladimir Putin na Cúpula do G-20 em Brisbane, na Austrália. Naquela época, os países do BRICS expressaram “preocupação” com o comentário feito pela Ministra de Relações Exteriores da Austrália Julie Bishop de que Putin poderia ser impedido de participar da Cúpula do G-20 em novembro. “Todos os Estados-membros do G-20 têm igual nível de participação e nenhum deles pode determinar sua natureza e seu caráter unilateralmente”, afirmaram os países do BRICS na declaração. A crítica deles à ameaça australiana de excluir a Rússia do G-20 foi muito significativa, pois demonstrou que o Ocidente …

Book review: “The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation” by John M. Hobson

The Eastern Origins of Western Civilisation, by John M. Hobson. Cambridge University Press, 2004. R$ 71.25 (ebook, www.amazon.com.br)

If as a philosopher one wishes to instruct oneself about what has taken place on the globe, one must first of all turn one’s eyes towards the East, the cradle of all arts, to which the West owes everything. (Voltaire)

John M. Hobson, a professor of international politics at the University of Sheffield and grandson of the noted liberal anti-imperialist John Hobson, challenges what he calls the ethnocentric bias of mainstream accounts of the rise of the West, which assumes that since Ancient Greek times Europeans have pioneered their own development, and that the East has been a …

Pocket Talks | A Índia na Ordem Global

http://ri.fgv.br/noticias/2014-11-27/pocket-talks-india-na-ordem-global

A coleção de bolso da FGV, “Entenda o Mundo”, recebe mais uma obra: “A Índia na Ordem Global”, do professor Oliver Stuenkel. O livro traz importantes debates sobre o país, como sua democracia, política externa, inserção global por meio de valiosas contribuições dos maiores pensadores da Índia: Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Raja Mohan, Gurcharan Das, Ashutosh Varshney e Shivshankar Menon. Convidamos o professor Stuenkel a comentar algumas questões contemporâneas sobre a Índia, a partir da ótica de seu novo livro.

Frente à nova ordem global, qual o papel da Índia no equilíbrio de poder na Ásia? Pensando nessa ordem multilateral e em novos blocos nos quais a Índia se insere, como BRICS e IBAS, como a Índia fomenta essas iniciativas?…